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Graduate Courses


  • 435 Historical Archaeology Laboratory (3)
    Laboratory procedures for processing, identification, and interpretation of artifacts from historical sites. Artifactual material from historic East Tennessee sites used for class projects.
    Recommended Background: 361.
  • 436 Cities and Sanctuaries of the Greek and Roman World (3)
    Major cities and sanctuaries in Greece, the Greek colonies, and the Roman Empire. Approach is archaeological, focusing on physical evidence – landscape, architecture and artifacts – as well as description by ancient authors. Cities include various types: planned and unplanned, seaports, caravan centers, government and commercial centers. The sanctuaries also vary in function, including prophetic centers, athletic centers, theater centers, and healing centers.
    (Same as Classics 436.)
  • 442 Intensive Survey of the Archaeology of the Prehistoric Aegean (3)
    Survey of archaeology and art of the Aegean from the earliest humans to the rise of the Greek polis in the 8th-century BC. Highlights include Early Cycladic art, Minoan and Mycenaean complex societies, Thera, cultural interconnections with Egypt and the Near East, and the Trojan War. Emphasis on anthropological and modern art-historical approaches.
    (Same as Classics 442.)
  • 443 Intensive Survey of the Archaeology of Greece (3)
    Survey of the archaeology and art of Greece and the Greek-speaking areas from the Orientalizing through Hellenistic periods (c. 700–30 BC). Developments in architecture, sculpture, and vase painting seen in the context of changes in society. Archaeological evidence for daily life, economy, and political institutions. (Same as Classics 443.)
  • 444 Intensive Survey of the Archaeology of Etruria and Rome (3)
    Survey of the archaeology of Italy and the Roman world from prehistoric times to the fall of the Roman Empire (1000 BC–AD 476). Highlights are the rise and decline of Etruscan culture; the development of Roman architecture, art, and urban planning; art and architecture used for political propaganda; and Roman cosmopolitan culture during the Empire.
    (Same as Classics 444.)
  • 454 Archaeology of The African Diaspora (3)
    Historical archaeology of African, North American and Latin American sites relating to the transatlantic slave trade and the experiences of enslaved Africans in the New World from the 15th to the 19th centuries.
    Prerequisite(s): 120 or 127.
    Recommended Background: 361.
  • 461 Archaeological Resource Management (3)
    Federal legislation and regulations affecting identification, protection, and management of archaeological resources. Professional ethics and responsibilities and relationship of federal and state agencies, public interest groups, and professional archaeologists in conduct of federally sponsored archaeology.
  • 462 Early European Prehistory (3)
    Origins and evolution of human culture in Europe through beginnings of settled life. Primary focus on Paleolithic/Mesolithic chronology and lifeways.
     Prerequisite(s): 120 or consent of instructor.
  • 463 Rise of Complex Civilizations (3)
    Development of complex societies in old world from origins of agricultural economics to rise of states. Focus on Mesolithic, Neolithic, and Metal Age lifeways in Africa, Europe, and Asia.
     Prerequisite(s): 120 or consent of instructor.
  • 464 Principles of Zooarchaeology (3)
    Basic osteological studies of major vertebrate groups; with emphasis on the aboriginal’s use of animals in subsistence and culture. Identification and interpretation of archaeologically derived molluscan and vertebrate remains; with introduction to laboratory use of comparative collections.
     Prerequisite(s): 120 or consent of instructor.
  • 465 Urban Archaeology (3)
    Field archaeology and interpretation of archaeological remains on historic urban sites in the United States. Course content will include lectures and field and laboratory research on urban sites in East Tennessee.
    Recommended Background: 361.
  • 466 Archaeology of Southeastern United States (3)
    Archaeological research on prehistoric American Indian cultures in Southeastern United States.
  • 480 Human Osteology (4)
    Intensive examination of the human skeleton.
    Contact Hour Distribution: 3 hours and 1 lab.
    Prerequisite(s): 110 or consent of instructor.
  • 481 Museum Studies I: Museums, Purpose and Function (3)
    Purposes, functions, and development of museums of art, history, natural and applied science. (Same as Art 481.)
  • 482 Museum Studies II: Exhibition Planning and Installation (3)
    Exhibition concept development and implementation. Exhibition design and installation techniques. Publicity, production, matting and framing, shipping and storage.
    (Same as Art 482.)
    Prerequisite(s): 481 or consent of instructor.
  • 484 Museum Studies III: Field Projects (1-12)
    Special field projects including restoration, preservation, registration, and other related research on or off campus.
    (Same as Art 484.)
    Prerequisite(s): 481 and 482.
  • 520 Seminar in Zooarchaeology (3)
    Approaches to analysis and interpretation of archaeological fauna. Intensive reading; evaluation and discussion of major faunal studies, guides to identification, methods of presenting faunal data.
  • 521 Laboratory Studies in Zooarchaeology (4)
    Examination and comparison of skeletons of major vertebrate groups, shells of terrestrial and aquatic mollusks, in relation to animal remains from archaeological contexts.  Basic osteology and shell characters of species encountered in aboriginal sites; use of comparative collections.
  • 522/660 Seminar in Archaeology (3): Peopling of the Americas
    This course examines the archaeological, bioanthropological, linguistic and paleoenvironmental evidence associated with the initial human settlement of North and South America during the Late Pleistocene. The dramatic global climate change that was occurring offers parallels to understanding our modern world, and how human beings respond to such conditions. Lessons learned from the study of the initial colonization of other parts of the world will also be briefly explored, as will theories and approaches to the study of human migration. Issues examined include when people arrived (i.e., the Clovis vs. Pre–Clovis debate); the impact human populations may have had upon landscape and biota (the Pleistocene extinction debate); entry and migration routes; and how people settled into the landscape once they arrived (the early new World archaeological record, to ca. 10,000 BP). The course will also examine legal and political issues related to the initial peopling of the Americas, from both anthropological and Native American perspectives.
  • 522/660 Seminar in Archaeology (3): Hunter-Gatherer Archaeology and Ethnography
    The course examines the current literature and thinking about hunter-gatherers worldwide. Topics examined include hunter-gatherers in historical perspective; foraging, subsistence, and mobility; sharing and exchange; land tenure and territoriality; group size; gender relations; egalitarian and non-egalitarian or complex hunter-gatherers; and hunter-gatherers in prehistory and in the modern world.
  • 522/660 Seminar in Archaeology (3): Origins of Complex Society
    This course explores how human beings create, maintain, and transform complex societies from anthropological, archaeological, bioanthropological, historical, paleoecological, and paleoclimatological perspectives. The purpose of the course will be to examine the how and why human societies are organized the way they are, and why one organizational form might change into another, more (or less) complex form. Historical trajectories leading to the emergence of civilization in a number of parts of the world are examined, in areas such as China, Egypt, the Indus Valley, Mesoamerica, Mesopotamia, and North and South America. The processes that shape the rise and fall of civilization and their relevance to the modern world are also explored.
  • 530 Fieldwork in Archaeology (3-9)
    Practicum in surveying, excavating, processing, and analysis of archaeological data.
  • 550 Contemporary Issues in Anthropology (1-3)
    Review of recent directions in method and theory in anthropology.
    Repeatability: May be repeated. Maximum 6 hours.
  • 560 Theory in Archaeology (3)
    Detailed consideration of theory in contemporary archaeology: models of scientific explanation, research design, archaeological formation processes, and methods of analysis and interpretation.
  • 562 Special Topics in Mediterranean Archaeology (3)
    Selected topics in archaeology or art of the prehistoric Aegean, historic Greece or Rome.  Lectures, discussions, student presentations, and papers.
    (Same as Classics 562.)
  • 563 Lithic Artifact Analysis (3)
    Methods for analyzing prehistoric stone tools in practical laboratory/lecture format. Stone tool production, use, stylistic variability, and discard processes.
  • 565 Graduate Seminar in Ancient Mediterranean Civilization (3)
    Theoretical and practical issues in the civilizations of the prehistoric Aegean or historic Greece. Study and discussions conducted in seminar format. Emphasis on developing students’ skills in research and oral as well as written presentation.
    (Same as Classics 565.)
  • 593 Current Trends in Historical Archaeology
    Participants in this seminar will explore the recent work of historical archaeologists writing on topics including the intersection of text and material evidence, class, colonialism, ethnogenesis, gender, and race. Each week participants will read and discuss one assigned book and, for selected weeks, a companion article from Historical Archaeology (Hall and Silliman, 2006)

Biological Anthropology

  • 485 Oral Biology (4)
    Intense examination of human dentition and oral skeletal structures: including dento-facial embryology/growth, histology, gross tooth morphology and pathology.
  • 490 Primate Evolution (3)
    Living and fossil primate taxonomy, ecology, and comparative anatomy. Survey of primate fossil record with emphasis on the origin or major primate lineages.
     Prerequisite(s): 110.
  • 494 Primate Behavior (3)
    Social organization and behavior of selected primates: group composition, size, and structure; patterns of mating; other social interactions; communication; and cultural behavior. Application of primate studies to human ethology.
     Prerequisite(s): 110 or consent of instructor.
  • 501 Graduate Research (1-9): Advanced Bioarchaeology Seminar
    The goal of this seminar is to ask what bioarchaeology is, should be, and/or could be.  We ask this at a practical level (what are bioarchaeologists actually doing?) and a theoretical level (how can we push the present limits of bioarchaeology? How are they currently being pushed?).
  • 501 Graduate Research (1-9): Statistics
    This course is designed to introduce advanced students to the basic concepts in frequentist statistics and their application to anthropological questions. Topics covered include standard parametric statistical methods (e.g., General Linear Model, correlation, classificatory methods, and mean comparison techniques) and some of their nonparametric correlates (e.g., chi-square, Mann-Whitney U-test, and ranking statistics). The course emphasizes an understanding of what methods are available and when they are appropriately applied to data. Data sets for exploring these statistics are provided in the course for hands on learning.
  • 501 Graduate Research (1-9): Evolutionary Theory and Human Behavior
    This seminar presents a topical and historical overview of the use of evolutionary theory in anthropology (meaning primarily cultural anthropology, but including some archaeology), and evaluates relevant evolutionary-minded literature from other fields (biology, psychology, philosophy, economics) for its applicability to anthropological inquiry.  Specific course goals are to examine, through readings, discussion, and research, fundamental concepts of evolutionary theories as applied (and misapplied) in the anthropological study of human social behavior; historical/methodological approaches in the anthropological study of human behavior from an evolutionary perspective; specific domains of human behavior (e.g., mate choice, parenting, warfare, religious and moral systems, art, etc.) and evolutionary-minded research in those domains; and important debates (e.g., reductionism, levels of selection, “pure” altruism, demographic transition, etc.) in the application of evolutionary theory to human cultural behavior.
  • 580 Advanced Human Variation (3)
    Genetic and morphological variation among extant human groups; relationships of variation to geography, ecology and subsistence.
  • 581 Forensic Anthropology (3)
    Application of human identification methods to skeletal/dental tissues. Evolving role of forensic anthropology in medico-legal system. Relationship of anthropology to pathology, odontology and subsequent legal responsibilities.
    Prerequisite(s): 480.
  • 582 Paleoanthropology (4)
    Fossil record from origin of hominids to appearance of anatomically modern humans. Functional morphology and phylogenetic relationships of fossil humans.
    Prerequisite(s): 480.
  • 583 Skeletal Biology (3)
    Practical and theoretical approaches to analysis of prehistoric human skeletal remains. Demography, vital statistics, pathology, nutrition, and measures of biological relationships as related to population as adaptive unit.
     Prerequisite(s): 480.
  • 584 Seminar in Bioarchaeology (3)
    Method and theory in Bioarchaeology, incorporating aspects of Biological Anthropology and Anthropological Archaeology. The focus is on traditional methodological issues and the application of recent social theory to the analysis of the mortuary record.
    Recommended Background: Human osteology and basic bioarchaeology.
  • 585 Laboratory Studies in Biological Anthropology (3)
    Topical coverage of laboratory methods in biological anthropology.
  • 586 Anthropological Genetics (3)
    Method and theory of Anthropological Genetics, applying methods from genetics and genomics to issues in Anthropology. The course explores recent innovations in the field with respect to human variation and human origins.
    Recommended Background: Basic genetics and evolutionary biology.
  • 590 Method and Theory in Biological Anthropology (3)
    Current methods of analysis in biological anthropology and of past and current history of theoretical perspectives. Paleoanthropology, human osteology, and human variation and population structure.
  • 690 Readings in Biological Evolution
    In this seminar, we will explore some of the key primary literature in biological evolution. Some previous knowledge of key evolutionary concepts is a must.
    The theoretical foundation of biological anthropology is evolutionary theory.  As anthropologists in the 21st century, most of our understanding of evolution derives from secondary sources: professors, textbooks, and academic literature. While these sources provide valuable interpretations, what additional understanding can we gain by reading primary sources? What is evolutionary theory? Is there more than one? Why does it form the basis of our subfield? Are we applying evolutionary theory/ies fruitfully? Have we lost sight of some of the most interesting theoretical questions in our common bioanthropological pursuits?
  • 690 Migration and Morphometrics
    This seminar explores the background, methods, and application of techniques for the reconstruction of morphology from archaeological human skeletal remains. This is discussed in the context of human adaptation to environmental factors, migration, and population history in the Americas.
    The majority of the seminar discussion is devoted to the methods for and utilization of estimating human morphology from skeletal remains. For example, how does one evaluate the various methods that are available for the estimation of stature from skeletons? Which should be used, and what problems might you anticipate from applying your choice? These estimated dimensions are related to evolutionary models and skeletal biology hypotheses that associate morphological variation with environmental effects, namely those associated with climate, subsistence, and activity. Students are asked to compare the merits of different sources of information that can be gleaned from the skeleton and from their archaeological contexts throughout the course.
  • 695 Gross Human Anatomy (9)
    Skeleton, muscles, and cardiovascular system. Dissection of cadavers.
    Prerequisite(s): 480 or human biology course.

Cultural Anthropology

  • 410 Principles of Cultural Anthropology (3)
    Exploration and illustration of major concepts, theories, and methods in cultural anthropology, with application to analysis of specific ethnographies.
     Prerequisite(s): 130.
  • 411 Linguistic Anthropology (3)
    Basic linguistic concepts applied to research in cultural anthropology, particularly investigation of relationships between language and culture. (Same as Linguistics 411.)
     Prerequisite(s): 130 or Linguistics 200.
  • 413 Dynamics of Culture (3)
    Definition and in-depth study of major forms of culture change, ranging from evolution and diffusion to religious revitalization and political revolt. Continuity and change in diverse cultural settings examined through use of archaeological, ethnohistoric, and contemporary cases.
     Prerequisite(s): 130 or consent of instructor.
  • 414 Political Anthropology (3)
    Examination of the organization and dynamics of power and politics in both stateless and state-level societies. Role of symbols, rituals, and ideologies in producing and reproducing power relations. The relationship between actors (individuals) and structures. The encapsulation of traditional political forms and systems within modern states.
    Prerequisite(s): 130 or consent of instructor.
  • 415 Environmental Anthropology (3)
    Overview of theoretical and methodological approaches to the study of human / environmental interactions.  Impacts of environmental change on society and culture; human impacts on environmental change.
     Prerequisite(s): 130.
  • 416 Applied Anthropology (3)
    Introduction to principles, practice and ethics of anthropology applied to practical problems in non-academic settings. Overview of career opportunities in various domains of applied anthropology.
     Prerequisite(s): 130 or consent of instructor.
  • 419 Anthropology of Human Rights (3)
    Overview of the development and global spread of modern human rights concepts and instruments, with intensive focus on problems of universal rights, cultural relativism, and the anthropological study of specific human rights issues such as terror, torture, and violence against women.
     Prerequisite(s): 130.
  • 431 Ethnographic Research Methods (3)
    This course trains students how to conduct ethnographic field research.  Students conduct their own small research projects and learn how to formulate research questions, develop research projects, invent consent forms, do participant observation, take field notes, conduct ethnographic interviews, code and analyze data, and write up ethnographic research.  We address the ethics, politics, and practicalities of conducting ethnographic research.
  • 432 Anthropology of Warfare and Violence (3)
    Origins and tactics of warfare; overview of cultural foundations of warfare and structural violence; and effects on communities, social institutions, environments, and social organization.
    Prerequisite(s): 130.
  • 510 Method and Theory in Cultural Anthropology (3)
    Development of primary theoretical orientations by cultural anthropologists; formulation of research problems and methods of collecting, organizing, and utilizing data.
  • 511 Special Topics in Cultural Anthropology: Evolutionary Theory and Human Behavior (3)
    This seminar presents a topical and historical overview of the use of evolutionary theory in anthropology (meaning primarily cultural anthropology, but including some archaeology), and evaluates relevant evolutionary-minded literature from other fields (biology, psychology, philosophy, economics) for its applicability to anthropological inquiry.  Specific course goals are to examine, through readings, discussion, and research, fundamental concepts of evolutionary theories as applied (and misapplied) in the anthropological study of human social behavior; historical/methodological approaches in the anthropological study of human behavior from an evolutionary perspective; specific domains of human behavior (e.g., mate choice, parenting, warfare, religious and moral systems, art, etc.) and evolutionary-minded research in those domains; and important debates (e.g., reductionism, levels of selection, “pure” altruism, demographic transition, etc.) in the application of evolutionary theory to human cultural behavior.
  • 515 Medical Anthropology (3)
    Cultural impact on disease patterning, theories of disease causation, and models of therapy. Theoretical and applied aspects of the anthropological study of health and disease.
  • 523 Anthropology of Genocide (3)
    Seminar in the comparative analysis of the context and causes of genocides, with attention to problems of prevention, intervention, post-genocide dynamics, and the search for international justice.  Methods and challenges of post-genocide research in cultural anthropology, archaeology, and forensics.
  • 531 Ethnographic Research Methods (3)
    Conceptual and practical exploration of methods and techniques cultural anthropologists use in fieldwork.  Research design, ethical considerations, field safety, and qualitative data collection and analysis methods are addressed.
  • 612 Anthropology of Disasters (3)
    Advanced seminar examining how both anthropology and the social sciences  can provide us a fuller understanding of the complex dynamics of all disasters.  We will examine the topic of disasters from an analytical and case studies approach.
  • 613 Anthropology of Policy and Law (3)
    Advanced seminar in the theoretical and ethnographic study of policy and law as instruments of social control and transformation in contemporary and cross-cultural contexts.